Fogtechnika

Crown

If the function of the tooth (chewing, aesthetics) cannot be repaired by filling, then the dentist recommends a dental crown. It can be made of: metallic alloy + porcelain, gold + porcelain, or only porcelain.
Metallic alloy + porcelain: Porcelain is baked on the metallic alloy using a dental technique. The metallic alloy makes it possible to use them for the replacement of several teeth. The most frequently used dental metallic alloy is not a very expensive material, however it contains chrome, cobalt, nickel, which in case of patients with metal allergy cannot be used.
Gold + porcelain: e.g. telescopic crowns can only be created from gold alloy due to the precise metal to metal joint. The advantage of it is its workability and that it can be polished effectively. It also can be used in patients with metal allergy.
Porcelain: a more aesthetic result is achievable by using it. It only can be used for front teeth, if a single crown is needed.
Completion time: 1 week

Bridge

A method for the replacement of missing tooth or teeth. The piers of the bridge are the neighbouring teeth. A bridge is a prosthesis made up of several crowns. Its purpose is to restore the masticatory function, phonation and aesthetics which became impaired due to the missing teeth.
Completion time: 1 week

Ceramic veneer: this is an aesthetic solution for front teeth. By removing 0.5-1 mm from the external surface of the tooth the dentist ensures a space for the ceramic veneers to be bonded on. With the help of it, the colour and size differences can be corrected, as well as closing the gaps between teeth.
Completion time: 3 days

Telescopic prosthesis: a good solution, if most of the teeth are missing. This is prosthesis without hooks, which are held by telescopic joints. The telescopic prosthesis is made up of two crowns that are fitting exactly into each other. One of these is always glued into the mouth, the other to the prosthesis. The tight fit of these two components ensure secure fixing. The final result is most effective, if the metal part of the crowns is made of gold alloy. Naturally the visible crown can be covered by porcelain. It can be cleaned very easily.
Completion time: 2 weeks

Pinned crown: it often occurs that the whole of the crowned section of the tooth is missing, and in these cases the dentist builds a pin into the root canal of the tooth. This provides the base of the structure, onto which the crown is glued. The pin is a pre-fabricated titanium pin, in contact with live tissues.
Completion time: 1 week

Combined prosthesis: it is a prosthesis made up from two parts. One part is fixed, the other removable. The fixing is done by invisible slides or by a ball joint press-stud. It is most frequently used, when only the front teeth are left and the molars are missing.
Metallic alloy + porcelain: Porcelain is baked onto the metallic alloy by dental technique. The metallic alloy makes it possible to apply them for the replacement of several teeth. The most frequently used dental metallic alloy is not very expensive material, however it contains chrome, cobalt, nickel, which in case of patients with metal allergy cannot be used.
Gold+ porcelain: e.g. telescopic crowns can only be created from gold alloy due to the precise metal to metal joint. The advantage of it is its workability and that it can be polished effectively. It also can be used in patient with metal allergy.
Porcelain: a more aesthetic result is achievable by using it. It only can be used for front teeth, if only a single crown is needed.
Completion time: 2 weeks

Full dental prosthesis: if the patient has lost all their teeth, full denture/prosthesis can provide the solution. It appears natural, and as it is removable it is easy to clean. The material of it is acrylate.
Completion time: 1 week

Inlay: it is a filling that is made in a dental technical laboratory, which can be made of ceramic or gold alloy. It is recommended if the decay has spread to the gap between the teeth. By applying it, the contact points can be restored in the gap between the teeth, ensuring a tight fit between the relief surfaces of healthy teeth. The function of this is not to allow food fibres to stick between the teeth during eating.
Ceramic: it is aesthetically pleasing, can be made to match teeth colouring, however it is more vulnerable to damage than gold.
Gold: the edges can be polished following placement into the mouth, and with this the gap between the inlay and tooth can be decreased.
Completion time: 1 week

Implantation: This is a fixture of titanium that is directly attached to the jawbone, which following healing is anchored, and the prosthesis can be built on it. It is recommended in cases, when the patient would like a fixed solution in place of a removable one. In some cases the stability of the removable prosthesis can be greatly increased, or in the case of only one missing tooth, the neighbouring healthy teeth do not need to be ground.
The dental surgeon decides based on the condition of the teeth, general medical examination (laboratory test, internal pathology), as well as on panoramic X-ray photos whether it is possible to use implants in each individual case. If there are no problems, a specialist performs the operation.
Stitches are normally taken out in 7-10 days. The final prosthesis can be made about 4- 6 months later, which in case of a fixed bridge takes 1 week, in the case of a combined prosthesis it will take two weeks to complete.

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